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    If you want to know where mass school shootings are most likely to occur, look no farther than small-town and suburban America. The massacre that killed 10 people at a high school in Texas last week was just the latest to happen in a small or suburban city. Of the 10 deadliest school shootings in the U.S., all but one took place in a town with fewer than 75,000 residents and the vast majority of them were in cities with fewer than 50,000 people. These are seemingly idyllic places to grow up: low crime rates, good schools and a sense of community where everyone seems to know your name. And it's exactly those attributes, experts say, that are why small rural and suburban towns are a breeding ground for the next school shooter. 'Ironically it's people in small towns and suburbia who think it can't happen here. And that is exactly the type of place where it does happen,' said Peter Langman, a psychologist who has been studying school shootings for years and operates a database of school gun violence in the U.S. and abroad. 'People tend to think of violence associated with cities, not violence associated with small-town America, but this type of violence is the one associated with small-town America.' Experts say the phenomenon is due to a variety of factors that include easy access to guns and the copycat effect of disturbed suburban and small-town teenagers emulating each other. It's also blamed on the pressures of living in small towns that make it harder for disgruntled teenagers to adjust. 'In small-town America, it's said everybody knows everybody, and that's well and good except when you don't want everybody to know what's going on with you,' said James Alan Fox, a professor at Northeastern University who has been studying mass shootings for decades. 'If things are going downhill for you, you did something wrong or someone did something wrong to you and some girl dumps you, everybody knows. So it's much harder to get away from it. 'Whereas in the big city, where no one knows your name, that can be a good thing,' he added. 'You don't have this feeling that everybody knows what you're going through. Being in a small town has its advantages in terms of a network and a sense of community but sometimes that can be a double-edged sword.' Parkland, Florida, where authorities say a former student in February gunned down 17 people, had just recently been voted the safest town in Florida. Newtown, Connecticut, where a shooting in 2012 at Sandy Hook Elementary School took the lives of 20 children and six adults, is a classic New England town, seemingly a world away from the crime and problems of nearby Bridgeport, one of that state's largest cities. The site of the Columbine High School tragedy was a Denver suburb, the Virginia Tech massacre happened in a college town of about 40,000 people. The shooting last week took place in a town of 13,000 people about 40 minutes southeast of Houston. The prevalence of the mass shootings in smaller cities stands in contrast to the situation in big cities like New York, Chicago and Los Angeles. They have strict gun laws and their own problems with street gun violence, but it's rare that a mass shooting has been carried out in one of their schools. In the 1980s and 1990s, urban districts sought to make schools safer from drug- and gang-related violence, taking such steps as installing metal detectors at entrances. That is exactly what pro-gun Republicans and the National Rifle Association have been proposing in the wake of recent massacres. Some school security and psychology experts, as well as those who have been studying mass shootings for decades, say school designs and talk of arming teachers is a simplistic approach that doesn't get at the heart of preventing it from happening. While students often have a sense that a classmate might be planning an attack or know that someone is troubled, they might be more hesitant in smaller towns to tell anyone about it, said Langman, director of SchoolShooters.info. They know each other well, visit each other's homes and families can be business associates. 'The best prevention is to catch them early before they show up with a gun rather than trying to make it hard for them once they're already at the building with a gun,' he said. Fox also said it's hard to overlook the issue of copycats — and how much that can determine the types of locations where school shootings occur. 'They're all white, male, teenagers in small towns or rural areas because they identify the other white, male teenagers in small towns or rural areas. Whereas a black kid in the Bronx or the streets of Chicago, that's not his world. He's got totally different issues he's dealing with,' Fox said.
  • The winning numbers in Monday evening's drawing of the Florida Lottery's 'Fantasy 5' game were: 07-11-13-22-33 (seven, eleven, thirteen, twenty-two, thirty-three)
  • Federal prosecutors filed court documents Monday in which an Alaska man agreed to plead guilty to a Florida airport shooting rampage that killed five people in exchange for a life prison sentence. The agreement says that Esteban Santiago, 28, will plead guilty to 11 of the 22 counts against him in the attack that also left six wounded. Prosecutors reached a deal with Santiago's defense lawyers not to seek the death penalty in exchange for the guilty plea. Instead, Santiago would serve a life prison sentence plus 120 years, according to the documents, and will waive his right to appeal the sentence. The deal is expected to be finalized Wednesday in Miami federal court before U.S. District Judge Beth Bloom. The mentally troubled Santiago, of Anchorage, Alaska, acknowledged in the document that he flew on a one-way ticket from Alaska to Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport with a 9mm handgun in a checked weapons box in on Jan. 6, 2017. Santiago loaded the gun in a bathroom and came out firing, emptying two ammunition clips before lying on the floor and surrendering to police. Fifteen bullet casings were recovered. 'He recounted how he entered a stall, removed the gun from the box, loaded it, and put it in his waistband,' prosecutors wrote of Santiago's confession to investigators. 'He confessed that, after he left the men's restroom, he shot the first people he encountered.' Santiago, an Iraq war veteran who has been diagnosed as schizophrenic, initially told the FBI he was acting under some form of government mind control. Then, he changed his story to claim that he shot his victims in support of the Islamic State extremist group, but no ties to terrorist groups have been found. Since his arrest, Santiago has been treated for his mental illness and his attorneys have repeatedly said he is competent to understand the legal proceedings. Prior to the shooting, he was briefly treated at an Anchorage mental institution after showing up at the local FBI office claiming to be hearing voices, then released with no restrictions on owning a gun, authorities have said. The statement of facts filed Monday — signed by Santiago and his attorneys — lays out in detail the actions Santiago took that day, as well as a few new pieces of evidence. For instance, the document states that Santiago researched the layout of the Los Angeles International Airport three days before flying to Florida, but does not indicate why he did that or why he ultimately chose Florida. It also describes the injuries suffered by the six wounded people along with the multiple surgeries and medical procedures they have had to endure. Before leaving for Florida, the document says that Santiago threw out some possessions, such as personal papers and clothes, which were found in a trash bin at the Anchorage motel where he was living. One piece of paper 'appeared to be a checklist, which included a notation to 'clean' the laptop,' the document says. Yet after replacing the hard drive on his laptop, the document says it was left behind in Alaska. Santiago also will forfeit to the U.S. government the 9mm Walther handgun using in the shooting, according to the agreement. _____ Follow Curt Anderson on Twitter: http://twitter.com/Miamicurt
  • Facing elimination at home, the Washington Capitals looked determined to hit everything that moved in Game 6 of the Eastern Conference final. The goal was to finish checks on Tampa Bay Lightning players as much as possible, though at one point Devante Smith-Pelly decked Dan Girardi and took teammate Jay Beagle down with him. 'I apologized to him,' Smith-Pelly said. 'I said sorry. He didn't seem to care.' Sorry, not sorry. The Capitals made no apologies for taking the body and grinding out a physical 3-0 victory Monday night that tied the playoff series and set up a deciding Game 7. T.J. Oshie had a goal on the power play and into an empty net, Smith-Pelly scored a back-breaker and Braden Holtby stopped all 24 shots, but it was the bruising style that kept the Capitals alive and could still pay more dividends. 'You've got to wear them down,' Smith-Pelly said. 'Every game, if guys are going to be playing 25, 30 minutes, it's tough when you're getting hit every single shift. We've been on the body all game and all series. If it shows up in Game 7 where guys are starting to get tired, then it was all worth it.' Game 7 is Wednesday night at Tampa Bay. The winner faces the Vegas Golden Knights, who are in the Stanley Cup Final in their first season. Alex Ovechkin, Tom Wilson and Brooks Orpik led the charge in the grueling Game 6, throwing their bodies around all night like human wrecking balls. Orpik separated Cedric Paquette from the puck twice on one shift, Ovechkin leveled rookie Yanni Gourde and Wilson was his usual self, dishing out a handful of crushing body checks. The Capitals outhit the Lightning 39-19 and outshot them 34-24, bruising and battering them all over the ice. 'It's desperation, really,' Orpik said. 'You try to empty the tank as much as you can. That's probably one area where we have an edge is the size and physical play.' That edge was noticeable in Game 6 when Washington fired up an already-raucous crowd well before Oshie's power-play goal 15:12 into the second period. While Tampa Bay goaltender Andrei Vasilevskiy was again on top of his game in stopping 31 of 33 shots, Orpik said the Capitals wanted to give back to fans for their energy and did so by laying out Lightning players. From Wilson's big hit on Paquette on his first shift through the time Smith-Pelly scored with 9:58 left, the physical play took a toll on the Lightning, who didn't have the energy left to muster a late comeback. Tampa Bay captain Steven Stamkos said simply the Capitals 'executed their game plan' and the Lightning didn't respond. 'They played with that desperate hockey and we should have matched it and we didn't,' winger Ryan Callahan said. 'They played like their lives were on the line, and we played like we had another chance and that's unfortunate, but we've got to change the script now in Game 7.' Tampa Bay had no answer for the physicality with a hit disparity coach Jon Cooper chalked up as, 'Somebody was engaged and somebody wasn't.' The Lightning also couldn't solve Holtby, who was at his best on a handful of deflection attempts to record his first shutout of these playoffs. 'I was just trying to stay in the moment, focus on one puck at a time,' Holtby said. 'I try and stay the same level through the game.' The Lightning missed a chance to close out an opponent for the first time in these playoffs. They eliminated New Jersey and Boston in five games apiece but are now on the brink themselves. The Capitals improved to 10-2 in the Ovechkin/Nicklas Backstrom era when facing elimination any time before Game 7. They're 3-7 in Game 7 over that time but will obviously take their chances after grinding their way back to 3-3 in the series. 'I think it's great that we're close,' Oshie said. 'I think both teams for the most part figured out what works against the other team. It's just a matter of who's going to play longer, harder and do more of it.' NOTES: Washington improved to 4-5 at home in the playoffs. The Lightning dropped to 5-2 on the road. ... An assist on Oshie's first goal extended Capitals C Evgeny Kuznetsov's point streak to nine games, tied with Backstrom in 2009 for the longest in franchise playoff history. ... F Andre Burakovsky returned to the Capitals lineup after being a healthy scratch for Game 5, replacing Alex Chiasson. ___ Follow Hockey Writer Stephen Whyno on Twitter at https://twitter.com/SWhyno ___ More NHL hockey: https://apnews.com/tag/NHLhockey
  • First Period_None. Penalties_Miller, TB, Major (fighting), 15:48; Orpik, WSH, Major (fighting), 15:48. Second Period_1, Washington, Oshie 6 (Kuznetsov, Backstrom), 15:12 (pp). Penalties_Beagle, WSH, (hooking), 0:40; Coburn, TB, (hooking), 13:49. Third Period_2, Washington, Smith-Pelly 4 (Stephenson, Beagle), 10:02. 3, Washington, Oshie 7 (Backstrom), 19:10. Penalties_Backstrom, WSH, (tripping), 11:03. Shots on Goal_Tampa Bay 6-8-10_24. Washington 8-15-11_34. Power-play opportunities_Tampa Bay 0 of 2; Washington 1 of 1. Goalies_Tampa Bay, Vasilevskiy 11-4 (33 shots-31 saves). Washington, Holtby 10-6 (24-24). T_2:34. Referees_Brad Meier, Dan O'Halloran. Linesmen_Greg Devorski, Ryan Gibbons.
  • The New York Mets probably won't skip Jason Vargas' next start. Vargas returned to the rotation with five excellent innings, AJ Ramos pitched out of a bases-loaded jam in the sixth and the Mets beat the Miami Marlins 2-0 on Monday night. Asdrubal Cabrera had an RBI double and Wilmer Flores added a run-scoring single as the Mets got their fourth straight win, following up a three-game sweep of NL West-leading Arizona. New York is 6-2 in its past eight games, 5-1 on this homestand and 24-19 overall. The 35-year-old Vargas (1-3) had his previous turn skipped after three sloppy outings to open the season, but he shut down Miami with changeups and guile for his first victory with the Mets. Ten of his outs came via the change, and he struck out seven without reaching 90 mph even once with his fastball. He allowed two hits and a walk before leaving after 86 pitches. 'I think the more weak contact you get or miss-hit balls or swings and misses that you get are going to give you more confidence,' Vargas said. New York used three pitchers in a scoreless — but eventful — sixth inning. Paul Sewald got two outs but put two on before left-hander Jerry Blevins entered to face lefty slugger Justin Bour. Blevins walked Bour on a full count and was replaced by Ramos, and the right-hander struck out pinch-hitter Derek Dietrich swinging to leave the bases loaded and preserve a 1-0 lead. 'He's making big pitches when he needs to,' Mets manager Mickey Callaway said. Ramos followed with a scoreless seventh, ending the inning by beginning a bold 1-6-3 double play on pinch-hitter J.B. Shuck's hit-and-run comebacker. Ramos' throw to second narrowly nabbed Miguel Rojas. 'We've just got to do a better job of stepping on the gas,' Bour said of Miami's missed chances. Mets left fielder Brandon Nimmo made a diving catch on Brian Anderson's two-out line drive to help Seth Lugo escape the eighth unscathed. Jeurys Familia pitched the ninth to cap a five-hitter for his 13th save and New York's second shutout this season. The game ended when shortstop Amed Rosario went deep in the hole to field Lewis Brinson's grounder and threw out the sliding speedster by a hair at first base. The Marlins challenged, but a replay review upheld the call. Rosario got a big cheer for a single in the third inning a day after his first multihomer game as a pro. He scored from first on a double to right field by Cabrera that made it 1-0. Miami starter Elieser Hernandez (0-1) pitched through a sore throat and held New York to a run and five hits over five innings. The Rule 5 draft pick from Houston was making his second major league start and dropped his ERA to 2.08 in four appearances. 'He attacks,' manager Don Mattingly said of the 23-year-old. 'He's always coming after you. Doesn't matter really who you are, he's coming to get you.' Tayron Guerrero pitched for Miami a day after allowing Dansby Swanson's game-ending, two-run single as the Marlins blew a five-run lead in the ninth inning of a 10-9 loss to Atlanta. Guerrero worked around a single and a walk in a scoreless eighth. THAT'S BETTER Vargas broke the hamate bone in his right hand during spring training and had struggled since, entering Monday with a 13.86 ERA in three starts. The left-hander signed a $16 million, two-year deal in February to provide rotation depth, but his miserable results led Callaway to skip Vargas' turn following a loss May 8 to Cincinnati. Vargas threw roughly 80 pitches during a simulated game at Citi Field last Tuesday, fine-tuning his mechanics to better finish his pitches. Callaway could see a difference 'from Pitch One,' especially with Vargas' changeup. 'He did a really good job of keeping the ball down when he needed to,' Callaway said. 'He pitched in really well for effect to set up those pitches.' Vargas hit his only spot of trouble in the fifth, when he walked Cameron Maybin and allowed a single to Rojas with one out. Vargas struck out Brinson and Hernandez to strand the runners. TRAINER'S ROOM Marlins: Activated RHP Odrisamer Despaigne from the 10-day DL and sent LHP Dillon Peters to Triple-A New Orleans. Mets: Devin Mesoraco was checked briefly by Callaway and a trainer during the seventh inning for a bruise on his left elbow. The catcher was struck by a backswing earlier and had a welt on his arm, but remained in the game. X-rays were negative, and Mesoraco said he'd be fine other than some stiffness. ... 3B Todd Frazier took batting practice on the field for the first time since going on the DL with a strained left hamstring. The next step for Frazier is to try running without pain. He hasn't played since May 7 and there is no timetable yet for his return. UP NEXT Mets RHP Zack Wheeler (2-3, 5.92 ERA) pitched two-hit ball over seven innings against Miami in his first start this season but has largely struggled since. He'll oppose Caleb Smith (2-5, 4.22), who allowed four runs in three innings of a 7-0 loss to the Dodgers in his previous start. ___ Follow Jake Seiner on Twitter: https://twitter.com/jake_seiner ___ More AP baseball: https://apnews.com/tag/MLBbaseball
  • Residents of a Florida city who received alerts about a power outage were also warned to look out for zombies. That's right — zombies. The Palm Beach Post reports that Lake Worth residents received the message during a power outage Sunday. The alert warned that more than 7,000 customers lost power 'due to extreme zombie activity.' City spokesman Ben Kerr later posted a Facebook message saying officials were investigating the bogus alert and that he wanted to 'reiterate that Lake Worth does not have any zombie activity currently.' Kerr says 7,880 customers lost power, but it was restored within 30 minutes. He did not mention what really caused the outage. ___ Information from: The Palm Beach (Fla.) Post, http://www.pbpost.com
  • The New York Jets have signed tight end Chris Herndon, their fourth-round draft pick, to a four-year contract. The team announced the signing Monday, the day before organized team activities were to begin. Quarterback Sam Darnold, the No. 3 overall selection, is the only player among the Jets' six-man draft class who remains unsigned. Herndon had 86 catches for 1,048 yards and seven touchdowns in four seasons at Miami. He injured a knee late in the season and has been limited this spring with the Jets, who hope he'll be completely healthy when training camp begins in late July. The 6-foot-4, 253-pound Herndon is one of six tight ends currently on New York's roster, joining Eric Tomlinson, Jordan Leggett, Neal Sterling, Clive Walford and Bucky Hodges. ___ More AP NFL: https://pro32.ap.org and https://twitter.com/AP_NFL
  • The winning numbers in Monday evening's drawing of the Florida Lottery's 'Pick 2 Evening' game were: 7-0 (seven, zero)
  • The winning numbers in Monday evening's drawing of the Florida Lottery's 'Pick 5 Evening' game were: 9-5-4-8-2 (nine, five, four, eight, two)